When Is It Time For a Well Pump Replacement?

When thinking about a well, you might get images of old stone wells with a single bucket that needs to be raised and lowered. The truth is that modern wells are incredibly complicated and involve many moving parts. When in good condition wells will carry water smoothly and efficiently but over time parts will break down, wear out and need to be replaced. Luckily, Pete & Son Plumbing is here to help maintain your wells and perform necessary repairs and replacements as needed.

Getting to Know Your Pump System: How Does a Well Pump Work?

Well pumps come in many shapes and sizes but they all have the same goal: to push water up from the ground and into your home. Once water reaches the household it needs to be filtered and purified before use. Well pumps are designed to provide a constant flow of water in an energy efficient way.

Submersible pumps draw water in and push it through a pipe (or series of pipes). Centrifugal pipes use impellers to create suction that pulls water up from the ground. Water is then sent to a well storage tank. Well pumps are activated using a pressure switch. These switches send signals when the pressure inside the tank becomes too high or too low. This means pumps don’t have to be running 24/7 and is only activated when necessary, meaning less wear and tear reduces risk of overheating or failure. Once the tank pressure is regulated it signals the pump to switch off again.

Which type of well pump you choose really depends on the depth of the well itself. For wells that are more shallow than 25 feet deep a centrifugal or jet pump are best suited. For anything deeper than that it is a good idea to invest in a submersible pump.

What Are the Signs That You Should Replace Your Well Pump?

The average lifespan of a well pump is 15-25 years. Unless you have installed the pump yourself, it can be tough to keep track of when maintenance and replacements were last done. As a pump ages you’ll likely start to notice some issues, such as changes in water pressure or higher utility costs. Just like any piece of equipment, you can have repairs done on your well pump but eventually it’ll be more cost effective to just replace the whole thing.

Some of the signs that you might be in need of a well pump replacement include:

  • Low or declining water pressure
  • If faucets are releasing air or making gurgling noises
  • Higher utility bills
  • If pumps are running constantly without turning off
  • Breakers tripping regularly
  • Dirty well water can be a sign that the pump has been damaged and allowed sediment to get inside

These might be simple signs that your well pump is in need of an inspection or repair but you should never try to tackle a repair or replacement on your own. If you are dealing with one or more of these issues, it is a good idea to call in a local professional plumbing for a thorough inspection of water pumps and systems. This will include an overview of the water pump motor and pump wire, as well as the pressure tank. An expert will also check valves and water lines.

Common Reasons a Well Pump Might Fail

If your well pump starts to break down, you likely want to know why. If it is physical damage there isn’t much point in repairing it only to delay the replacement process. The same goes for managing an older pump. If you are wondering what made your well pump malfunction, here is a quick list of common issues to watch out for:

  • Age of Your Water System: As stated earlier, a well pump will only last for so long. As the parts get older they will become less efficient and start to wear down. This is why it is important to keep track of pump installation and replacement dates whenever possible.
  • Dry Well: Well pumps are meant to be used alongside water. If you are experiencing periods of drought, this can allow wells to run dry. If you try to flush a toilet or take a shower when a well has run dry it will damage pumps. Without water in the well, a pump will burn out and break. Avoid damage by having a plumber install a low water cutoff switch.
  • Water Quality: The quality of the water inside your well will have a direct impact on the condition of your pump. Mineral and scale deposits can build up over time and debris can cause clogs.
  • Overworked Pump: It is important to select a well pump that can suit the demand of your household. If your daily water needs are more than a pump can handle it will cause wear, tear and damage.

The best way to prevent unnecessary damage to a well pump or avoid premature replacements  is with a regular maintenance routine.

Pete & Son Plumbing: Your Local Well Pump Specialists

You wouldn’t expect a refrigerator or stove to last forever, so why would you do it with your well pump? Eventually a pump will need to be replaced but there are plenty of ways to prolong the lifespan of your equipment. Depending on the type and style of your well pump an inspection might be necessary on an annual basis to make sure that everything is running smoothly.

There is nothing worse than getting ready to take a bath or shower only to find out that you don’t have any water. Regular maintenance can help to prevent dealing with this inconvenience as well as estimating how much time your pump has left, increase efficiency of the pump which means less energy and lower monthly utility bills.

Whether you feel like your pump might be struggling or it’s been a while since your last cleaning, inspection or maintenance, there is never a bad time to call Pete & Son Plumbing.

When Is It Time For a Well Pump Replacement?